How to Write a Final Year Project in Nigeria 2020

Writing a final year project has not always been easy. This is why I have compiled the best guide on how to write a finaly year project in  2020



Writing a final year project report can be overwhelming for most students. You get to carry out your research, do some data analysis and also document it in form of a project report.

This is the last phase for most students in school and it is the phase for you to proof if you truly have what it takes to be a graduate in your field of study. The final year project topic for each students is based on their course of study.

And while some project supervisors give you the privilege of choosing your project topic yourself, some still do select the project for their students.

Other than writing a final project as  a student, there are other projects to be written in the future if you are opportuned to work in an official setting.

Government officials are not excluded from project writing too. The only thing is that there is a difference in the way you write each of these project depending on what for?

So in this post, I will be laying emphasis on how to write academic project for students. So students in the house, this announcement is for you.

I will be giving you the details on how to do your project and Ace it.

I think I am in the best position to teach you how to do your project, because I have been into the business of writing projects for a long time. I do write, siwes report, projects writing, blog posts, copywriting, eBooks, etc

And 90% of  students I have written for always get an A. Practically all of them do have an A. But I can’t promise you an A because of that. This is not to boast of my writing skill but to let you know that I would be sharing with you secrets that has helped me write an A project for my students.

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(P.S. if you need help with writing your project, DM me on Whatsapp 08167102973 . Or you can send a friendly email to me  [email protected] ).

So follow my step by step guide on writing a good project. 

1. Brainstorm a Project Topic

The first thing before even writing the project is to come up with a project topic that is inline with your course of study.

Choosing a project topic is not just about picking any topic you enjoy discussing, it also includes selecting a topic inline with your coursed of study.

If you already have a project topic then you can move on to the next step. But if you still haven’t gotten a project topic then continue reading.

To get a project topic, you can go through the previous project that have been done by your seniors. You can just ask any of your seniors what project topic they did.

And if you seem not to be able to get a project topic from your senior or maybe your supervisor is not satisfied with the topic you have chosen, then you can do a thorough search online for the project topics in your course of study.

Let me assume you are studying microbiology, if you want to make a search online; use this search keyword : Project Topic for Microbiology GurusCoach

And if you are studying computer science, then Google search : Project Topic for Computer Science GurusCoach

That is it. Or you can also do something like “Project Topics for Microbiology PDF”.
Not just this, there are many other search terms you can search on the internet.

2.  Download Journals on Your Chosen Topic

Now I want to believe you already have a project topic that has already been approved by your project supervisor.

The next step you need to take is yo download journals on your chosen project topic. Go through research site and PDF site and look for journals related to your topic.

You don’t have to download only journals on the project topic, look for journals on related topic.

There just has to be a way the topics correlate together.

If you are looking for exact journals on your topic, then you might search till eternity before you find up to 5 journals and this wouldn’t do you much good.

You need to spread your net and look at other research and written journals that have some kind of relationship to your project.

Take this for an example, let assume you are writing on the effect of Dyslexia on Students Performance.
You should not only search for journals on dyslexia, also look for journals on Autism.

Did you get what I’m trying to say?

If you are even done with that, you might even want to look at study on other related disorder like down syndrome.

Through broad research, you can be sure you fully understand your topic and can work on what others have done.
How to do this is to search : [Project Topic  ] PDF

An example is – Effect of Dyslexia on Students Performance PDF

3. Read the Journals

Wait a minute!!

Is this what you have to say Eniola?
No… take it easy. This things I’m saying can sound very simple to you that everyone should know.
But it’s more important than the actual writing.

You need to seat down and go through all the journals you can lay your hands on. Go through them thoroughly the first time to understand what your topic is truly about.

Not fully understanding your project topic, will set you up for a B or less.
Why did I say so?

You would only be writing about what you don’t really understand. Writing about what you don’t understand will mean there would mean your personal voice will not be heard in the write up because all of the words were never yours.

Did you get that?

Okay so after going through the journals, then make your jottings and asteric those part you think would make a good reference in your project.
And if you are using a phone or laptop to browse through your journals, then you can give a different background color to those texts that you think might be a great reference in your project.

4. Write Your Introduction

Yes this is the part you want to hear about write? This is the chapter 1 of your project and matters a lot either anyone will be willing to read your project. If the introduction is not written very well, then your readers might not be interested in reading further to even hear out your own opinion.

So think of this as the foundation of your project. Plan your introduction very well before the actual writing.

Your introduction has to be what it is called, an Introduction. It has to introduce the topic to the readers and the importance of the project.

In the introduction, you also have the task of letting your readers know the aims and objectives of the project. Are you just carrying out a project with no map of what you want to ascertain or find out?

No I’m sure you have an aim and objective.
Not adding aim and objectives to your introduction could actually drop your mark if it even escapes your supervisor to tell you to correct it.

For an example, you are writing on the effects of depression on university students, your first paragraph in your introduction can be like:

“Depression has been regarded as one of the most prevalent psychological disorders in the world. And this is not just in words; its prevalence is seen more among college students.

Depression has always been a problem among students of tertiary institutions. All over the media there are never ending news and discussions of how rampant depression is among students.

While this has not been much of an issue years back, the illness has now so much become something we can refer as a global illness without interference with climate or country of victims.”

Can you see that?

But the question you might be asking is that how many pages should your introduction range from. If you are given a guideline for project writing in your school, then the number of pages per each chapter will be stated.

But if you are not given, make sure your introduction is between 5 – 10 pages.

(P.S. if you need help with writing your project, DM me on Whatsapp 08167102973 . Or you can send a friendly email to me  [email protected] ).

  • Subtopics in the Introduction

While you might not be too familiar with the fact that the introduction has subsections which can help you to be more productive when writing your introduction.

So I will run through the important subsections that your introduction must have in order to make its easy to understand and navigate through when reading.

  • Background

Many people use the word introduction and background interchangeably. Though there are a lot of similarities between the two, there is still a line that differentiates them.

The background is what we might refer to as the basics of that research. What can you say about that research that can be understood by a lay man?

  • Objectives

The objective is what you are set out to achieve through the research / project assigned to you.

So you should be careful not mix things up in the course of writing. Your objective is just like you summarizing all what you want to achieve in the course of the research in two to three lines.

  • Statement of Problem

What are the problems that you see relate to the research you are carrying out? The statement of problem is the description of an issue currently existing which needs to be addressed. It provides the researcher a context and a view to look at the research topic from.
  • Research Questions

A research question is a question that a research project sets out to answer. Choosing a research question is an essential element of both quantitative and qualitative research.

In order to write an outstanding research question, you need to carry out some literature research in order to get an idea of the research questions you want to set out to answer.

You shouldn’t just guess  it out and end up justifying your questions. The questions has to be reasonable and worth answering in respect to the context of the research.

  • Statement of Hypothesis

Statement of hypothesis is where you write what you believe would be the answers to your research questions. This is where you make a reasonable guess of the likelihood or the result of your research.

A hypothesis can also be defined as a tentative statement about the relationship between two or more variables. It is a specific, testable prediction about what you expect to happen in your research.

5. Literature Review – chapter two

A literature review is a survey of everything that has been written about a particular topic, theory, or research question.

It may provide the background for larger work, or it may stand on its own. Much more than a simple list of sources, an effective literature review analyzes and synthesizes information about key themes or issues

Literature review is the aspect where you cover areas that has been covered through research in the past years.

It is like you asking the question : what has been said concerning this topic before?

The literature review help you know what others have said about this topic in order to guide you not to make mistakes that has been detected in the previous researches.

(P.S. if you need help with writing your project, DM me on Whatsapp 08167102973 . Or you can send a friendly email to me  [email protected] ).

Why write a literature review?

1. To discover what has been written about a topic already
2. To determine what each source contributes to the topic
3. To understand the relationship between the various contributions, identify and (if possible) resolve contradictions, and determine gaps or unanswered questions

What is involved in writing a literature review?

1. Research – to discover what has been written about the topic 
2. Critical Appraisal – to evaluate the literature, determine the relationship between the sources and ascertain what has been done already and what still needs to be done
3. Writing – to explain what you have found

Below is a snippet taken from a literature review

“Singh, R. & Joshi, H. (2008) explored the association between suicidal ideation, depression, life stress and personality, and to find out linear combination of different predictors of suicidal ideation. Results demonstrated that suicidal ideation was positively associated with depression, stressful life events and two dimensions of personality i.e. extraversion and psychoticism.”

6. Methodology

Methodology is where you discuss the method in which the project was carried out, the equipment used, and how it was carried out.

This is simple to understand since it deals with what steps you took to attain your result. The methodology is very important because without the methodology, you cannot be certain the researcher carried out the experiment in the right way.

The methodology will help you know if you can trust the results discovered by the researcher.

Most times to carry out an experiment, there is more than one method of achieving your result. So putting this in mind, it is paramount you explain to your reader the method your optimized in order to come to your conclusion.

Explain the method to your readers systematically and also list the limitation using this method in your introduction.

7. Result and Discussion

This is where you explain the result of the experiment. The results of the experiment could be statistical, so there is a need for you to explain those figures to your readers and have a discussion around the result.

This section is also the section where you have a discussion in relation to other works carried out previously by other researchers.

8. Conclusion – Chapter 5

This is the last section of your final year project write up apart from the references section. In the conclusion section, you write a summary of all you have said so far from the introduction to the result and discussions. This section is where you make known what your conclusion was at the chapter 4 ( results and discussions).

Take Away

Writing a final year project has not always been easy but you need to put in your effort to make the best out of your topic. Remember this is your final year and its requires more effort in order not to have your project keep you in the school premises for long while others are already serving.

Well before you go, please click on the share button and then send me a whatsapp message to find out how I can be of help to you.

Do you need help with writing your Project, then send me a whatsapp message to 08167102973, or email me at [email protected]

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